E500 – E585

Number

Name

Comments
E500 Sodium
carbonates
no
known adverse effects in small quantities
E501 Potassium
carbonates
no
known adverse effects
E503 Ammonium
carbonates
irritant
to mucous membranes
E504 Magnesium
carbonate
medically
used as an antacid and laxative
E507 Hydrochloric
acid
safe in
small quantities
E508 Potassium
chloride
large
quantities can cause gastric ulceration
E509 Calcium
chloride
derived
from brine
E510 Ammonium
chloride
should be
avoided
by people with impaired liver or kidney function. Typical
products are flour products
E511 Magnesium
chloride
magnesium
is an essential mineral
E513 Sulphuric
acid
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E514 Sodium
sulphates
may
upset the body’s water balance
E515 Potassium
sulphates
no
known adverse effects
E516 Calcium
sulphate
derived
from limestone
E518 Magnesium
sulphate
a
laxative
E519 Copper
sulphate
essential
mineral
E524 Sodium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E525 Potassium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E526 Calcium
hydroxide
no
adverse effects in small quantities
E527 Ammonium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E528 Magnesium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E529 Calcium
oxide
safe in
small quantities
E530 Magnesium
oxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E535 Sodium
ferrocyanide
no
adverse effects known
E536 Potassium
ferrocyanide
by-product
of coal gas production; low toxicity
E540 Dicalcium
diphosphate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E541 Sodium
aluminium phosphate, Acidic
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E542# Bone
phosphate
derived
from bones; used in dried milk for coffee machines
E544 Calcium
polyphosphates
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E545 Ammonium
polyphosphates
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E551 Silicon
dioxide
no
adverse effects are known in food use
E552 Calcium
silicate
derived
from limestone and diatomaceous earth (the silicified skeletons of diatoms, a
single celled plankton), antacid; no known adverse effects
E553(a) Magnesium
silicates
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E553(b) Talc has
been linked to
stomach cancer, typical products are polished rice,
chocolate, confectionary
E554 Sodium
aluminium silicate
used in
salt, dried milk substitutes and flours; aluminium is known to cause
placental problems in pregnancy and has been linked to Alzheimer’s
E556 Calcium
aluminium silicate
derived
from minerals; used in milk powders; see E554
E558 Bentonite
no
known adverse effects
E559 Aluminium
silicate (Kaolin)
no
known adverse effects
E570# Stearic
acid
possibly
of animal origin; see stearates
E572# Magnesium
stearate
no
known adverse effects in food use
E575 Glucono
delta-lactone
no
known adverse effects
E576 Sodium
gluconate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E577 Potassium
gluconate
no
known adverse effects
E578 Calcium
gluconate
no
known adverse effects
E579 Ferrous
gluconate
colour-retention
agent; derived from iron and glucose; used in olives, iron supplements; safe
in small amounts
E585 Ferrous
lactate
?

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