E500 – E585

Number

Name

Comments
E500Sodium
carbonates
no
known adverse effects in small quantities
E501Potassium
carbonates
no
known adverse effects
E503Ammonium
carbonates
irritant
to mucous membranes
E504Magnesium
carbonate
medically
used as an antacid and laxative
E507Hydrochloric
acid
safe in
small quantities
E508Potassium
chloride
large
quantities can cause gastric ulceration
E509Calcium
chloride
derived
from brine
E510Ammonium
chloride
should be
avoided
by people with impaired liver or kidney function. Typical
products are flour products
E511Magnesium
chloride
magnesium
is an essential mineral
E513Sulphuric
acid
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E514Sodium
sulphates
may
upset the body’s water balance
E515Potassium
sulphates
no
known adverse effects
E516Calcium
sulphate
derived
from limestone
E518Magnesium
sulphate
a
laxative
E519Copper
sulphate
essential
mineral
E524Sodium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E525Potassium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E526Calcium
hydroxide
no
adverse effects in small quantities
E527Ammonium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E528Magnesium
hydroxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E529Calcium
oxide
safe in
small quantities
E530Magnesium
oxide
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E535Sodium
ferrocyanide
no
adverse effects known
E536Potassium
ferrocyanide
by-product
of coal gas production; low toxicity
E540Dicalcium
diphosphate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E541Sodium
aluminium phosphate, Acidic
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E542#Bone
phosphate
derived
from bones; used in dried milk for coffee machines
E544Calcium
polyphosphates
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E545Ammonium
polyphosphates
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E551Silicon
dioxide
no
adverse effects are known in food use
E552Calcium
silicate
derived
from limestone and diatomaceous earth (the silicified skeletons of diatoms, a
single celled plankton), antacid; no known adverse effects
E553(a)Magnesium
silicates
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E553(b)Talc has
been linked to
stomach cancer, typical products are polished rice,
chocolate, confectionary
E554Sodium
aluminium silicate
used in
salt, dried milk substitutes and flours; aluminium is known to cause
placental problems in pregnancy and has been linked to Alzheimer’s
E556Calcium
aluminium silicate
derived
from minerals; used in milk powders; see E554
E558Bentonite
no
known adverse effects
E559Aluminium
silicate (Kaolin)
no
known adverse effects
E570#Stearic
acid
possibly
of animal origin; see stearates
E572#Magnesium
stearate
no
known adverse effects in food use
E575Glucono
delta-lactone
no
known adverse effects
E576Sodium
gluconate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E577Potassium
gluconate
no
known adverse effects
E578Calcium
gluconate
no
known adverse effects
E579Ferrous
gluconate
colour-retention
agent; derived from iron and glucose; used in olives, iron supplements; safe
in small amounts
E585Ferrous
lactate
?

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