E300 – E385

Number

Name

Comments

E300 Ascorbic
acid
flour
treating agent, ‘vitamin C’; may be made synthetically from glucose,
naturally occurs in fruit and vegetables; added to products as diverse as
cured meat, breakfast cereals, frozen fish and wine
E301 Sodium
ascorbate
sodium
salt of vitamin C
E302 Calcium
ascorbate
vitamin
C, may increase the formation of calcium oxalate stones
E303 Potassium
ascorbate
potassium
salt of vitamin C
E304 Ascorbyl
palmitate, Ascorbyl stearate
fatty
acid esters of ascorbic acid, same function as E300
E306, E307,

E308, E309

Tocopherols,
alpha-,gamma-,delta-
‘vitamin
E’; found in many vegetable oils, including soy, wheat germ, rice germ,
cottonseed, maize; works as an antioxidant for fatty acids and tissue fats,
preventing vitamin A from oxidation; used in margarine and salad dressings
E310 Propyl
gallate
used to
prevent rancidity in oily substances; derived from nutgalls; may cause
gastric or skin irritation, gallates are not permitted in foods for infants
and small children because of their known tendency to cause the blood
disorder, methaemoglobinemia; used in oils, margarine, lard and salad
dressings, sometimes used in packaging
E311 Octyl
gallate
see 310
E312 Dodecyl
gallate
see 310
E317 Erythorbic
acid
produced
from sucrose
E318 Sodium
erythorbate
produced
from E317
E319 Tert-ButylHydroQuinone
(TBHQ)
petroleum
based; the HACSG* recommends to
avoid it. May
cause nausea, vomiting, delirium. A dose of 5g is considered fatal. Typical
products are fats, oils, margarine
E320 Butylated
hydroxy-anisole (BHA)
petroleum
derivative, retards spoilage due to oxidation; used in edible oils, chewing
gum, fats, margarine, nuts, instant potato products, polyethylene food wraps;
not permitted in infant foods, can provoke an allergic reaction in some
people, may trigger hyperactivity and other intolerances; serious concerns
over carcinogenicity and estrogenic effects, in large doses caused tumours in
lab animals,
banned in Japan in 1958, official committees of experts
recommended that it be banned in the UK, however due to industry pressure it
was not banned, McDonald’s eliminated BHT from their US products by 1986, see
also Butyl compounds
E321 Butylated
hydroxy-toluene (BHT)
petroleum
derivative; see E320
E322# Lecithins
emulsifier
derived from soy beans, egg yolks, peanuts, corn or animal resources; non
toxic but overdose can upset the stomach, kill the appetite and cause profuse
sweating; used to allow combination of oils in margarine, chocolate,
mayonnaise, milk powder; must be chosen vegetable type
E325# Sodium
lactate
derived
from milk (lactic acid); may contain pork rennin or whey in process,
young children with lactose intolerance may show adverse reactions
E326# Potassium
lactate
see 325
E327# Calcium
lactate
see 325
E328# Ammonium
lactate
see 325
E329# Magnesium
lactate
see 325
E330 Citric
acid
food
acid, naturally derived from citrus fruit, used in biscuits, canned fish,
cheese and processed cheese products, infant formulas, cake and soup mixes,
rye bread, soft drinks, fermented meat products
E331 Sodium
citrates
food
acid; no known adverse effects
E332 Potassium
citrates
food
acid; no known adverse effects
E333 Calcium
citrates
food
acid; no known adverse effects in small quantities
E334 Tartaric
acid
food
acid, obtained from unripe fruit, grape juice;
no known adverse effects in small quantities
E335 Sodium
tartrates
food
acid; no known adverse effects
E336 Potassium
tartrates
food
acid; no known adverse effects
E337 Sodium
potassium tartrate
food
acid; no known adverse effects
E338 Phosphoric
acid
food
acid, derived from phosphate ore; used in cheese products;
no known adverse effects
E339 Sodium
phosphates
mineral
salt, used as a laxative and a fixing agent in textile dyeing; high intakes
may upset the calcium/phosphorus equilibrium
E340 Potassium
phosphates
see 339
E341# Calcium
phosphates
mineral
salt found in rocks and bones; used in medicines as an antacid and polishing
agent in enamels
E343 Magnesium
phosphates
essential
mineral, anticaking agent found in salt substitutes
E350 Sodium
malates
no
known adverse effects
E351 Potassium
malate
no
known adverse effects
E352 Calcium
malates
no
known adverse effects
E353 Metatartaric
acid
no
known adverse effects
E354 Calcium
tartrate
seems
safe
E355 Adipic
acid
food
acid from the root adipose (pertaining to fat?)
E357 Potassium
adipate
no
known adverse effects
E363 Succinic
acid
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E3120 Sodium
fumarate
food
acid, salt of fumaric acid (derived from plants of the genus Fumaria
esp. F.officianalis)
E366 Potassium
fumarate
no
known adverse effects
E367 Calcium
fumarate
no
known adverse effects
E370 1,4-Heptonolactone
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E375 Niacin vitamin
B3; naturally occurs in bean, pea and other legumes, milk, egg, meat,
poultry, and fish; at doses in excess of 1,000 mg per day can cause liver
damage, diabetes, gastritis, eye damage, and elevated blood levels of uric
acid (which can cause gout); at amounts as low as 50-100 mg may cause
flushing (harmless but painful), headache, and stomach-ache especially if
taken on an empty stomach
E380 Tri-ammonium
citrate
may
interfere with liver and pancreas function
E381 Ammonium
ferric citrates
essential
mineral, food acid derived from citric acid; used as a dietary iron
supplement in breakfast cereals and dietary formulas
E385 Calcium
disodium EDTA
avoid it,
banned in some countries
     

 

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