Etiket Arşivleri: E200

E200 – E290

Number

Name

Comments
E200 Sorbic
acid
either
obtained from berries or synthesised from ketene; possible skin irritant
E201 Sodium
sorbate
no
known adverse effects
E202 Potassium
sorbate
no
known adverse effects
E203 Calcium
sorbate
no
known adverse effects
E210# Benzoic
acid
also
known as flowers of benzoin, phenlycarboxylic acid, carboxybenzene; added to
alcoholic beverages, baked goods, cheeses, gum, condiments, frozen dairy,
relishes, soft sweets, cordials and sugar substitutes; used in cosmetics, as
an antiseptic in many cough medications and an antifungal in ointments; can
cause asthma, especially in those dependant on steroid asthma medications, is
also reputed to cause neurological disorders and to react with sulphur
bisulphite (222), shown to provoke hyperactivity in children; obtained from Benzoin,
a resin exuded by trees native to Asia
E211 Sodium
benzoate
used as
antiseptic, as a food preservative and to disguise taste, as of poor-quality
food; orange soft drinks contain a high amount of it, upto 25mg per 250ml;
also in milk and meat products, relishes and condiments, baked goods and
lollies; used in many oral medications including Actifed, Phenergan and
Tylenol; known to causes nettle rash and aggravate asthma
E212 Potassium
benzoate
people
with a history of allergies may show allergic reactions. for using see 210
E213 Calcium
benzoate
see 212
E214 Ethyl
p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E215 Sodium
ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E216 Propyl
p-hydroxybenzoate
possible
contact allergen
E217 Sodium
propyl p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E218 Methyl
p-hydroxybenzoate
allergic
reactions possible, mainly affecting the skin
E219 Sodium
methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E220 Sulphur
dioxide
derived
from coal tar; all sulphur drugs are toxic and restricted in use (in USA,
FDA** prohibits their use on raw fruits and vegetables), produced by
combustion of sulphur or gypsum; known to provoke asthma attacks and
difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also
destroys vitamin B1; typical products are beer, soft drinks, dried fruit,
juices, cordials, wine, vinegar, potato products
E221 Sodium
sulphite
decontaminating
agent used in fresh orange juice; see 220
E222 Sodium
hydrogen sulphite
see 220
E223 Sodium
metabisulphite
treating
agent, see 220
E224 Potassium
metabisulphite
see 220
E225 Potassium
sulphite
see 220
E226 Calcium
sulphite
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E227 Calcium
hydrogen sulphite
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E228 Potassium
hydrogen sulphite
see 220
E230 Biphenyl,
Diphenyl
banned in
some countries
; can be used for agricultural purposes; typical products are
citrus fruit
E231 Orthophenyl
phenol
banned in
some countries;
can be used for agricultural purposes; typical products are
pears, carrots, peaches, plums, prunes, sweet potatoe, citrus fruit,
pineapples, tomatoes, peppers, cherries, nectarines
E232 Sodium
orthophenyl phenol
see 231
E233 Thiabendazole
banned in
some countries
, can be used for agricultural purposes, typical products are
citrus fruits, apples, pears, potatoes, bananas, mushrooms, meat, milk
E234 Nisin antibiotic
derived from bacteria; found in beer, processed cheese products, tomato paste
E235 Natamycin
mould
inhibitor derived from bacteria; sometimes used medically to treat
candidiasis; can cause nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhoea and skin
irritation;.typical products are meat, cheese
E236 Formic
acid
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E237 Sodium
formate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E238 Calcium
formate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E239 Hexamethylene
tetramine
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E249 Potassium
nitrite
colour
fixative and curing agent for meat; nitrites can effect the body’s ability to
carry oxygen, resulting in shortness of breath, dizziness and headaches;
potential carcinogen; not permitted in foods for infant and young children
E250 Sodium
nitrite
may
provoke hyperactivity and other adverse reactions, potentially carcinogenic,
restricted in many countries, can combine with chemicals in stomach to form
nitrosamine, the HACSG* recommends to
avoid it
E251 Sodium
nitrate
also
used in the manufacture of nitric acid, as a fertiliser and in fermented meat
products (see 250)
E252# Potassium
nitrate
may be
derived from waste animal or vegetable matter; used in gunpowder, explosives
and fertilisers, and in the preservation of meat; may provoke hyperactivity
and other adverse reactions; potentially carcinogenic; restricted in many
countries (see 249)
E260 Acetic
acid
main
component of vinegar, synthetically produced from wood fibres; used in
pickles, chutneys, and sauces
E261 Potassium
acetate
food
acid;
should be avoided by people with impaired kidney function;
typical products are sauces, pickles
E262 Sodium
acetate, Sodium diacetate
food
acid, acidity regulator; no known adverse effects
E263 Calcium
acetate
food
acid, acidity regulator; by product in the manufacture of wood alcohol; used
to make acetic acid (vinegar) and in the production of dyers mordants
E264 Ammonium
acetate
can
cause nausea and vomiting
E270# Lactic
acid
food
acid, acidity regulator; produced by heating and fermenting carbohydrates in
milk whey, potatoes, cornstarch or molasses; difficult for babies to
metabolise; used in sweets, dressings, soft drinks (sometimes beer) infant
formulas and confectionary
E280 Propionic
acid
all
propionates are thought to be linked with migraine headaches; propionates
occur naturally in fermented foods, human perspiration and ruminants
digestive tract, also can be derived commercially from ethylene and carbon
monoxide or propionaldehyde or natural gas or fermented wood pulp; produced when
bacteria decompose fibre; commonly used in bread and flour products;
E281 Sodium
propionate
may be
linked to migraines, typical products are flour products
E282 Calcium
propionate
see 281
E283 Potassium
propionate
see 281
E290 Carbon
dioxide
propellant,
coolant, derived from lime manufacture; may increase the effect of alcohol;
typical products are wine, soft drinks, confectionary
E296 Malic
acid
derived
from fruit or synthetic; infants and young children should
avoid it
E297 Fumaric
acid
derived
from plants of the genus Fumaria esp. F.officianalis or from
the fermentation of glucose with fungi; can be used to flavour, acidify, as
an antioxidant or raising agent used in soft drinks and cake mixes