Etiket Arşivleri: Cashew

Cashew

Cashew

Ancardia

Anacardiaceae occidentale

Theresa Elder 04/17/13

Anacardiaceae occidentale

Related to American poison ivy and poison sumac as well as mango and pistachio

Anacardium “upward heart” refers to fruit

Other names Tupi acaju and Portuguese caju, marañon in Spanish

Morphology

Large evergreen tree 10-14m tall irregular shaped trunk

Flowers are in a panicle up to 26cm long, there are 5 acute slender petals mixed male, female, and both male and female

The actual fruit is the nut or drupe cashew seed, surrounded by a double shell, green turns red

Between shells is oil chemically related to urushiol

A second false fruit, pseudocarp, known as the cashew apple is developed from the swollen stem; yellow, orange or red 5-11cm long

The cashew apple is edible

Geography of Cultivation

Native to Northeast Brazil

16th century Portuguese traders introduced to Goa, India as soil retainer

Spread to NE Asia, Africa, and near by islands

Also grown in coastal US states

Some areas cultivate apple while others

Features of cultivation

Grown in subtropical and tropical climates

Tolerates poor soil, drought, and salt air

Prefers high humidity

3 years from planting to cultivation

Model Project Small Scale Cashew Processing Unit ( NABARD )

Introduction

Cashew is one of the most sought after nuts among dry fruits obtained from an exotic tree species. The commercial cultivation of cashew is taken up mainly in eight states in India namely Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Orissa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. The current production in India accounts for 19.46 per cent of global production. Cashew nut is formed outside the fleshy fruit known as cashew apple. At the time of maturity, the cashew apple along with seed falls down on the ground. These are collected and processed to get cashew nut. The cashew apple being fleshy and sweet in taste is used to prepare a fermented fruit drink known as Feni. Kerala is the leading state in processing of cashew. More than two third of cashew processing units are in Kerala, whereas remaining are scattered in the other states. These units together have processing capacity of more than 8 lakh tons per annum. The seeds are separated from cashew apple and dried in the sun for 4-5 days. The dried raw cashew seeds are processed to cashew nut for marketing.