Etiket Arşivleri: Tomato Sauce

Tomato Sauce, Ketchup and Puree


Tomato is a very popular vegetable throughout the country and it is grown in many states. Apart from use in vegetables, its down stream products like soup, concentrates, sauce, puree, ketchup are also equally popular and they have a longer shelflife unlike fresh tomatoes. Tomato is perishable and needs to be transported carefully to avoid damage during transit. With the advent of new technology, many down the line products are made and are consumed round the year as table enrichers.


2.1 Applications

The products suggested are sauce, ketchup and puree. They are made from tomato juice and many other ingredients and preservatives are added to it to enhance its shelf life and taste. These products are consumed by people of all age groups and demand is going up. These products can be made in states like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, UP, HP, North Eastern states and so on, but this note considers Assam as the preferred location in view of the growing market.

2.2 Availability of know-how, Quality Standards and Compliances.

CFTRI, Mysore, has successfully developed the technical know-how. BIS has laid down the quality standards vide IS 3881/2/3:1966. Compliances under FPO and PFA Act are mandatory.

Processed Products of Tomato Fruits

—Processed Products Of Tomato Fruits

  • Processing of fruits results in high amount of waste materials like peels, seeds, stones, oilseed meals etc.

  • It creates problem that is further provoked by legal restrictions.

  • Thus new aspects relating to the use of these wastes as by-products for additional exploitation on the production of food additives with high nutritional value have gained increasing interest since these are high-value products and may be economically attractive.

—Products from tomato

  • Tomato Jam

  • Tomato Juice

  • Tomato Paste

  • Tomato Sauce

  • Tomato Soup

—Tomato jam

  • If you love tomatoes, you’ll love Tomato Jam. Promise! Tomato jams are a great way to use up a bumper crop of tomatoes.

  • It can be used on everything from toast to fish to pork. It gives an amazing real taste.

—Tomato juice

  • Tomato juice was usually used as a beverage. It is frequently used as a packing liquid for canned tomatoes and in the preparation of tomato juice agar.

  • Vitamin A is available in tomato juice that helps to maintain good bones and teeth as well as eyesight. It also helps in fighting infectious diseases. Vitamin B in tomato juice includes increased energy, healthy nervous system, good digestion, healthy skin, hair and nails.

  • Drinking the byproduct of tomatoes such as tomato juice helps protect people against immune system deficiencies as well as prenatal health problems.

  • There are no known side effects of drinking tomato juice.

  • Hence, tomato juices are safe to drink and safe to enjoy its health benefits.

—Tomato paste

  • Tomato pastes have been a tradition for many generations. Tomato paste can be used to make a fresh spaghetti sauce, lasagna, chili, or other tomato-based meals.

  • Paste is thicker than tomato sauce or tomato puree and also the real essence of ripe tomatoes.

—Tomato sauce

  • A good tomato sauce is the basis for so many wonderful dishes such as pizza, pasta, chicken, and fish. Tomato sauce you make from scratch is yummy and delicious and so easy.

  • Tomato sauce is delicious any time of year. Extended cooking thickens the sauce as the water cooks off and long simmering melds flavors together.

—Tomato soup

  • Tomato soup may be served hot or cold. It can be made in different styles. It is one of the top soothe foods in the US. Tomato soup really tastes gorgeous.

  • It is very easy to make and very tasty served with warm crusty bread.

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Preparation of Tomato Ketchup and Sauce

Preparation of Tomato Ketchup and Sauce

Tomato ketchup and sauce is widely used with snacks and ready to eat preparations Tomato ketchup is slightly sweeter than sauce and therefore more acceptable Tomato ketchup is similar to tomato sauce except that it is thick in consistency The amount of spices added in case of tomato ketchup is considerably higher than tomato sauce Thick sauces made from fruit and vegetables other than tomato are not called ketchup The tomato ketchup and sauce contains not less than 25% TSS and acidity as acetic acid not less than 1.0%

Tomato ketchup

Tomatoes 3 Kg
Starch Powder 5 g (or 2 teaspoons)
Sugar 400 g
Salt 20 g
Cumin Powder 5 g
Red Chilli Powder (Kashmire) 10 g
(for colour)
Cloves (headless) 10 No.
Black pepper 15 No.
Ginger crushed 25 g
Onion chopped 100 g
Garlic crushed (optional) 5 cloves
Sodium Benzoate 2 gm (or 3/4th of teaspoon)
Glacial Acetic Acid 15 ml
Recipe of preparation at home scale (I)
Deep red coloured tomatoes are trimmed and cut into pieces
The above soft mix is passed through baby pulper or alternatively in soup strainer to obtain pulp/juice.
Tomato pulp / juice in now allowed to cook. Add starch powder slowly and mixed thoroughly to avoid lump formation.
Procedure at home scale
Tomato pieces, chopped onion, crushed ginger and garlic are boiled in pressure cooker (alternatively in covered pan) to soft mix.
Add spice extract and remove from stove.
Add sodium benzoate and then glacial acetic acid.
Tomato ketchup
Fill into sterilized, dry bottles.
Seal with crown corks and allow the bottles to cool.
Label the bottles.
Add Sugar, continue cooking till T.S.S. increased to 28%. Add salt, mix well.

Preparation of Tomato Ketchup and Sauce
Tomato ketchup
Recipe of preparation at Commercial scale

Tomato Juice / Pulp – 160 Kg
Sugar – 22 Kg
Salt – 2.5 Kg
Onion Powder – 300 g
Garlic Powder – 10 g
Pectin Powder (thickener) – 100 g
Spice Blend (cumin, ginger, clove,
Cardamom, capsicum) – 65 ml
Sodium Benzoate – 80 g
Glacial Acetic Acid – 600 ml
Collect pulp / juice from pulper and transfer into kettle for cooking. Cook till total soluble solid (T.S.S.) reaches 10 – 12%. Add onion and garlic powder.
Add thickener mixed with 1/3rd quantity of sugar mix thoroughly to avoid lumps. Cook till T.S.S. reaches 20-22%.
Tomato ketchup
Procedure at commercial scale
Add remaining quantity of sugar and mix. Measure T.S.S. and cook till it increases to 30%.
Mix salt and stop steam.
Tomato ketchup
Procedure at commercial scale
Mix spice blend followed with sodium Benzoate and glacial acetic acid
Seal the bottles with crown corks and allow the bottles to cool.
Label the bottles.
Tomato Sauce
Home Scale
Commercial Scale
Tomato Juice
1 Kg
100 Kg
Onion grated
100 g
Onion Powder
10 g
Garlic crushed
10 g
Garlic Powder
2 g
Red chilli powder
20 g
Black Pepper
5 g in equal proportion
Spice Blend
40 ml
Clove (Headless)
250 g
12 Kg
20 g
2 Kg
Starch Powder
1 tsp.
100 g
Sodium Benzoate
0.5 g
60 g
Glacial Acetic Acid
10 ml
500 ml
Recipe for tomato Sauce
Extract tomato juice / pulp as already explained (onion and garlic may be cooked with the tomatoes).
Boil the juice / pulp.
Tomato ketchup
Add onion and garlic powders.
Add 1/3rd of the sugar and starch or xanthan gum
Add remaining quantity of sugar and boil till T.S.S. in increased to 28%TSS.
Tomato ketchup
Add salt, sodium benzoate, mix well.
Stop steam or remove from burner.
Finally add glacial acetic acid.
Fill into sterilized, dry bottles.
Tomato ketchup
Cork the bottles and allow them
to cool to room temperature
Label the bottles
The mass is finally passed through the finisher, fitted with a very fine sieve to remove any tomato fibre, and other impurities
Tomato ketchup
Special Care
Bottles should be cleaned before
labeling and marketing
The ketchup and sauce should be filled hot (88OC) prevent browning and loss of vitamins during subsequent storage
Preserving is assured either by preservative
or by pasteurization
One third sugar is added with commencement of boiling to intensify and fix the red tomato colour
Salt bleaches the colour of the tomato product; therefore it should be mixed towards the end of cooking process
Tomato ketchup and sauce can be made
from tomato puree or paste, but made from
fresh tomatoes being of superior quality
Tomato ketchup
Special Care
Quality of Tomato ketchup and Sauce
The tomato Ketchup and Sauce
should contain
minimum 25%TSS and acidity as acetic acid 1%
and mould count not in excess of 40%
of the field examined.
Tomato ketchup and sauce is a popular condiment all over the world
Let us sum up
Tomato ketchup is the thick sauces made from tomato
Tomato pulp or paste is cooked with the requisite
quantities of spices, onions, garlic, sugar, salt
and vinegar (acetic acid)
Tomato ketchup and sauce contains not less than 25% TSS and 1.0% acidity as acetic acid
Tomato sauce is also the concentrated product made from tomato