Solutions are homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances (Chp 4).
– Uniform throughout.
– Determines the state of matter in which the solution exists.
– Is the largest component.
– Dissolves solute
– Other solution components said to be dissolved in the solution.
A saturated solution contains the maximum amount of a solute that will dissolve in a given solvent at a specific temperature.
An unsaturated solution contains less solute than the solvent has the capacity to dissolve at a specific temperature.
An electrolyte is a substance that, when dissolved in water, results in a solution that can conduct electricity.
A nonelectrolyte is a substance that, when dissolved, results in a solution that does not conduct electricity.