Etiket Arşivleri: banned in USA

E200 – E290

Number

Name

Comments
E200Sorbic
acid
either
obtained from berries or synthesised from ketene; possible skin irritant
E201Sodium
sorbate
no
known adverse effects
E202Potassium
sorbate
no
known adverse effects
E203Calcium
sorbate
no
known adverse effects
E210#Benzoic
acid
also
known as flowers of benzoin, phenlycarboxylic acid, carboxybenzene; added to
alcoholic beverages, baked goods, cheeses, gum, condiments, frozen dairy,
relishes, soft sweets, cordials and sugar substitutes; used in cosmetics, as
an antiseptic in many cough medications and an antifungal in ointments; can
cause asthma, especially in those dependant on steroid asthma medications, is
also reputed to cause neurological disorders and to react with sulphur
bisulphite (222), shown to provoke hyperactivity in children; obtained from Benzoin,
a resin exuded by trees native to Asia
E211Sodium
benzoate
used as
antiseptic, as a food preservative and to disguise taste, as of poor-quality
food; orange soft drinks contain a high amount of it, upto 25mg per 250ml;
also in milk and meat products, relishes and condiments, baked goods and
lollies; used in many oral medications including Actifed, Phenergan and
Tylenol; known to causes nettle rash and aggravate asthma
E212Potassium
benzoate
people
with a history of allergies may show allergic reactions. for using see 210
E213Calcium
benzoate
see 212
E214Ethyl
p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E215Sodium
ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E216Propyl
p-hydroxybenzoate
possible
contact allergen
E217Sodium
propyl p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E218Methyl
p-hydroxybenzoate
allergic
reactions possible, mainly affecting the skin
E219Sodium
methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E220Sulphur
dioxide
derived
from coal tar; all sulphur drugs are toxic and restricted in use (in USA,
FDA** prohibits their use on raw fruits and vegetables), produced by
combustion of sulphur or gypsum; known to provoke asthma attacks and
difficult to metabolise for those with impaired kidney function, also
destroys vitamin B1; typical products are beer, soft drinks, dried fruit,
juices, cordials, wine, vinegar, potato products
E221Sodium
sulphite
decontaminating
agent used in fresh orange juice; see 220
E222Sodium
hydrogen sulphite
see 220
E223Sodium
metabisulphite
treating
agent, see 220
E224Potassium
metabisulphite
see 220
E225Potassium
sulphite
see 220
E226Calcium
sulphite
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E227Calcium
hydrogen sulphite
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E228Potassium
hydrogen sulphite
see 220
E230Biphenyl,
Diphenyl
banned in
some countries
; can be used for agricultural purposes; typical products are
citrus fruit
E231Orthophenyl
phenol
banned in
some countries;
can be used for agricultural purposes; typical products are
pears, carrots, peaches, plums, prunes, sweet potatoe, citrus fruit,
pineapples, tomatoes, peppers, cherries, nectarines
E232Sodium
orthophenyl phenol
see 231
E233Thiabendazole
banned in
some countries
, can be used for agricultural purposes, typical products are
citrus fruits, apples, pears, potatoes, bananas, mushrooms, meat, milk
E234Nisin antibiotic
derived from bacteria; found in beer, processed cheese products, tomato paste
E235Natamycin
mould
inhibitor derived from bacteria; sometimes used medically to treat
candidiasis; can cause nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhoea and skin
irritation;.typical products are meat, cheese
E236Formic
acid
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E237Sodium
formate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E238Calcium
formate
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E239Hexamethylene
tetramine
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E249Potassium
nitrite
colour
fixative and curing agent for meat; nitrites can effect the body’s ability to
carry oxygen, resulting in shortness of breath, dizziness and headaches;
potential carcinogen; not permitted in foods for infant and young children
E250Sodium
nitrite
may
provoke hyperactivity and other adverse reactions, potentially carcinogenic,
restricted in many countries, can combine with chemicals in stomach to form
nitrosamine, the HACSG* recommends to
avoid it
E251Sodium
nitrate
also
used in the manufacture of nitric acid, as a fertiliser and in fermented meat
products (see 250)
E252#Potassium
nitrate
may be
derived from waste animal or vegetable matter; used in gunpowder, explosives
and fertilisers, and in the preservation of meat; may provoke hyperactivity
and other adverse reactions; potentially carcinogenic; restricted in many
countries (see 249)
E260Acetic
acid
main
component of vinegar, synthetically produced from wood fibres; used in
pickles, chutneys, and sauces
E261Potassium
acetate
food
acid;
should be avoided by people with impaired kidney function;
typical products are sauces, pickles
E262Sodium
acetate, Sodium diacetate
food
acid, acidity regulator; no known adverse effects
E263Calcium
acetate
food
acid, acidity regulator; by product in the manufacture of wood alcohol; used
to make acetic acid (vinegar) and in the production of dyers mordants
E264Ammonium
acetate
can
cause nausea and vomiting
E270#Lactic
acid
food
acid, acidity regulator; produced by heating and fermenting carbohydrates in
milk whey, potatoes, cornstarch or molasses; difficult for babies to
metabolise; used in sweets, dressings, soft drinks (sometimes beer) infant
formulas and confectionary
E280Propionic
acid
all
propionates are thought to be linked with migraine headaches; propionates
occur naturally in fermented foods, human perspiration and ruminants
digestive tract, also can be derived commercially from ethylene and carbon
monoxide or propionaldehyde or natural gas or fermented wood pulp; produced when
bacteria decompose fibre; commonly used in bread and flour products;
E281Sodium
propionate
may be
linked to migraines, typical products are flour products
E282Calcium
propionate
see 281
E283Potassium
propionate
see 281
E290Carbon
dioxide
propellant,
coolant, derived from lime manufacture; may increase the effect of alcohol;
typical products are wine, soft drinks, confectionary
E296Malic
acid
derived
from fruit or synthetic; infants and young children should
avoid it
E297Fumaric
acid
derived
from plants of the genus Fumaria esp. F.officianalis or from
the fermentation of glucose with fungi; can be used to flavour, acidify, as
an antioxidant or raising agent used in soft drinks and cake mixes

E100 – E181

Number

Name

Comments
E100#Cur
cumin
orange-yellow
colour; derived from the root of the curcuma (turmeric) plant, but can be artificially
produced; used in cheese, margarine, baked sweets and fish fingers
E101#Riboflavin,
Riboflavin-5′-phosphate
‘Vitamin
B2’ and colour; occurs naturally in greenveges, eggs, milk, liver and kidney;
used in margarine and cheese
E102Tartrazine
FD&C
Yellow No.5; known to provoke asthma attacks (though the US FDA** do not
recognise this) and urticaria (nettle rash) in children (the US FDA**
estimates 1:10 000); also linked to thyroid tumours, chromosomal damage,
urticaria (hives) and hyperactivity; tartrazine sensitivity is also linked to
aspirin sensitivity; used to colour drinks, sweets, jams, cereals, snack
foods, canned fish, packaged soups;
banned in Norway and Austria
E104Quinoline
Yellow
FD&C
Yellow No.10; used in lipsticks hair products, colognes; also in a wide range
of medications; cause dermatitis;
banned in USA and Norway
E107Yellow
7G
yellow
colour; the HACSG* recommends to
avoid it;
people who suffer Asthma may also show an allergic reaction to it; typical
products are soft drinks;
banned in Australia and USA
E110#Sunset
Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S
FD&C
Yellow No.6; used in cereals, bakery, sweets, snack foods, ice cream, drinks
and canned fish; synthetic; also in many medications including Polaramine,
Ventolin syrup; side effects are urticaria (hives), rhinitis (runny nose),
nasal congestion, allergies, hyperactivity, kidney tumours, chromosomal
damage, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, indigestion, distaste for food;
seen increased incidence of tumours in animals;
banned in
Norway
E120#Cochineal,
Carminic acid, Carmines
red
colour; made from insects; rarely used; the HASCG* recommends to
avoid it
E122Azorubine,
Carmoisine
red
colour; coal tar derivative; can produce bad reactions in asthmatics and
people allergic to aspirin; typical products are confectionary, marzipan,
jelly crystals;
banned in Sweden, USA, Austria and Norway  
E123Amaranth
FD&C
Red No.2; derived from the small herbaceous plant of the same name; used in
cake mixes, fruit-flavoured fillings, jelly crystals; can provoke asthma,
eczema and hyperactivity; it caused birth defects and foetal deaths in some
animal tests, possibly also
cancer; banned in
the USA, Russia, Austria and Norway and other countries
E124Ponceau
4R, Cochineal Red A
FD&C
Red No.4; synthetic coal tar and azo dye, carcinogen in animals, can produce
bad reactions in asthmatics and people allergic to aspirin;
banned in
USA & Norway
E127Erythrosine
FD&C
Red No.3; red colour used in cherries, canned fruit, custard mix, sweets,
bakery, snack foods; can cause sensitivity to light; can increase thyroid
hormone levels and lead to hyperthyroidism, was shown to cause thyroid cancer
in rats in a study in 1990;
banned in January 1990, but
not recalled by the US FDA**;
banned in Norway
E128Red 2G Banned in
Australia and many other places
except UK
E129Allura
red AC
FD&C
Red No.40; Orange-red colour used in sweets, drinks and condiments,
medications and cosmetics, synthetic; introduced in the early eighties to
replace amaranth which was considered not safe due to conflicting test
results; allura red has also been connected with
cancer in
mice;
banned in Denmark, Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden,
Austria and Norway
E131Patent
blue V
Banned in
Australia, USA and Norway
E132#Indigotine,
Indigo carmine
FD&C
Blue No.2, commonly added to tablets and capsules; also used in ice cream,
sweets, baked goods, confectionary, biscuits, synthetic coal tar derivative;
may cause nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, skin rashes, breathing
problems and other allergic reactions.
Banned in Norway
E133Brilliant
blue FCF
FD&C
Blue Dye No.1; used in dairy products, sweets and drinks, synthetic usually
occurring as aluminium lake (solution) or ammonium salt;
banned in
Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, Norway
E140Chlorophylis,
Chlorophyllins
green
colour occurs naturally in all plants; used for dyeing waxes and oils, used
in medicines and cosmetics
E141Copper
complexes of chloropyll and chlorophyllins
olive
colour, no adverse effects are known
E142Green S
green
colour; synthetic coal tar derivative; used in canned peas, mint jelly and
sauce, packet bread crumbs and cake mixes;
banned inSweden, USA and
Norway
E150(a)Plain
caramel
dark
brown colour made from sucrose; the HACSG* recommends to
avoid it. used
in oyster, soy, fruit and canned sauces, beer, whiskey, biscuits, pickles
E150(b)Caustic
sulphite caramel
see
E150(a)
E150(c)Ammonia
caramel
see
E150(a)
E150(d)Sulphite
ammonia caramel
see
E150(a)
E151Brilliant
Black BN, Black PN
coloor;
coal tar derivative; used in brown sauces, blackcurrant cake mixes;
banned in
Denmark, Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, USA, Norway
E153#Vegetable
carbon
black
colour, charcoal pigment; used in jams, jelly crystals, liquorice; only the
vegetable derived variety permitted in Australia,
banned in
the United States
E154Brown
FK
banned in
USA
E155Brown
HT (Chocolate)
brown
colour, coal tar and azo dye; used in chocolate cake mixes; can produce bad
reactions in asthmatics and people allergic to aspirin; also known to induce
skin sensitivity;
banned in Denmark, Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden,
Austria, USA, Norway
E160(a)#Carotene,
alpha-, beta-, gamma-
orange-yellow
colour; human body converts it to ‘Vitamin A’ in the liver, found in carrots
and other yellow or orange fruits and vegetables
E160(b)#Annatto
(Arnatto, Annato), bixin, norbixin
red
colour; derived from a tree (Bixa orellana); used as a body paint, fabric
dye, digestive aid and expectorant; used to dye cheese, butter, margarine,
cereals, snack foods, soaps, textiles and varnishes; known to cause urticaria
(nettle rash), the HACSG* recommends to
avoid it
E160(c)#Paprika
extract, capsanthin, capsorubin
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E160(d)#Lycopene
red
coloured carotenoid found in tomatoes and pink grapefruit, can cause
decreasing risk of cancer
E160(e)#Beta-apo-8′-carotenal
(C 30)
orange
colour, no adverse effects are known
E160(f)#Ethyl
ester of beta-apo-8′-carotenic acid (C 30)
orange
colour, no adverse effects are known
E161(b)Xanthophylls
– Lutein
yellow
colour derived from plants, naturally found in green leaves, marigolds and egg
yolks
E161(g)#Xanthophylls
– Canthaxanthin
yellow
colour possibly derived from animal sources (retinol); the pigment is found
in some mushrooms, crustacea, fish, flamingo feathers
E162Beetroot
Red, Betanin
purple
colour derived from beets; no adverse effects are known
E163Anthocyanins
violet
colour matter of flowers and plants; seems safe
E170#Calcium
carbonate
mineral
salt, used in toothpastes, white paint and cleaning powders; may be derived
from rock mineral or animal bones; sometimes used to deacidify wines and firm
canned fruit and veg.; toxic at ‘high doses’
E171Titanium
dioxide
white
colour used in toothpaste and white paint, pollutes waterways; no adverse
effects are known
E172Iron
oxides and hydroxides
black,
yellow, red colour used in salmon and shrimp pastes; toxic at ‘high doses’
E173Aluminium
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E174Silver avoid it,
banned in some countries
E175Gold avoid it,
banned in some countries
E180Latolrubine
BK
avoid it,
banned in some countries
E181Tannic
acid, tannins
clarifying
agent in alcohol; derived from the nutgalls and twigs of oak trees; occurs
naturally in tea