Success Without Steroids

Success Without Steroids

A curriculum for student athletes, parents, and coaches

Assembled by

IHSA Sports Medicine Advisory Committee

Educational objectives

What are steroids?

Who uses steroids? Why?

Do steroids work?

What are the health risks associated with using steroids?

What are the myths about steroids?

What are the healthy ways to achieve my goals without using steroids?

What are steroids?

Powerful drugs that many people use as a short cut to boost their athletic performance or improve their appearance

Sometimes called “Roids”, “Juice”, “Hype”, “Pump”

Properly called anabolic-androgenic steroids

What do “anabolic” and “androgenic” mean?

Anabolic = “building body tissue”

Anabolic-androgenic steroids help to increase muscle mass and body weight, and speed up bone maturation

Androgenic = “promoting male characteristics”

Anabolic-androgenic steroids promote development of facial hair, deeper voice, balding, and other male characteristics

All “anabolic” steroids are also “androgenic”

What do steroids do?

Doctors sometimes prescribe low doses of anabolic-androgenic steroids to treat people with serious medical conditions

Example = A man’s testosterone level decreases due to a testicular tumor

Dose prescribed is only enough to bring the testosterone level back up to normal

Testosterone levels and side effects are monitored closely by the doctor

Examples of anabolic-androgenic steroids

Testosterone (Depo-testosterone)

Nandrolone (Deca-durabolin)

Methandrostenolone (Dianabol)

Oxandrolone (Oxandrin/Anavar)

Oxymetholone (Anadrol)

Stanzol (Winstrol)

Trenbolone (Finaplix)

Boldenone (Equipoise)




What are corticosteroids?

Medications prescribed by doctors to treat medical conditions such as asthma and arthritis

Examples = Prednisone, Medrol

Corticosteroids are not anabolic or androgenic

Corticosteroids have no muscle-building effects

Why do people use steroids?

To make muscles bigger and stronger

To be a better athlete

To get an edge over the competition

To look better

Pressure from friends or coach

Who uses steroids?

Not just professional athletes!

20% of college students 1

4-12% of high school students 2-10

2-3% of middle school students 11,12

Highest rates of steroid use among teens are
seen in football players 2-5,12

High school students in Illinois

1990 survey of 3047 high school freshman and seniors 13

3% of boys and 0.9% of girls reported steroid use

14% identified teacher/coach as source of steroids

Not just men!

Up to 2.9% of middle and high school girls 11,12

Not just athletes!

25% of teens who report steroid use do not participate in organized athletics 14

How do people take steroids?



Gels or creams

Taken in doses 10-40 times higher than prescription doses to treat medical conditions


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