Solutions and Their Physical Properties ( Dr. Bülent BELİBAĞLI )

Solutions are homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances (Chp 4).

– Uniform throughout.

• Solvent.

– Determines the state of matter in which the solution exists.

– Is the largest component.

– Dissolves solute

• Solute.

– Other solution components said to be dissolved in the solution.

A saturated solution contains the maximum amount of a solute that will dissolve in a given solvent at a specific temperature.

An unsaturated solution contains less solute than the solvent has the capacity to dissolve at a specific temperature.

An electrolyte is a substance that, when dissolved in water, results in a solution that can conduct electricity.

A nonelectrolyte is a substance that, when dissolved, results in a solution that does not conduct electricity.

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