Soft Drinks – Preparation Defects and Remedies ( Monika K.TAMBAKHE )


A soft drink (also called pop, soda, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink, seltzer, mineral, lolly water or carbonated beverage) is a beverage that typically contains carbonated water, a sweetener and a flavoring.


• American Heritage Dictionary – “A non- alcoholic, flavored, carbonated beverage, usually prepared and sold in bottles and cans”

• Wikipedia – “A non-alcoholic beverage typically containing water and a flavoring agent, majorly carbonated and sweetened”

• Oxford – “A non-alcoholic drink” Called Soft in contrast to Hard – Having significant amount of alcohol

Historical Background of Soft Drinks

The first soft-drinks enjoyed centuries ago, were simply the effervescent waters from certain natural springs. Spread of soft drinks in Europe: growing availability of sugar from the new plantations in the West Indies a fashion arose for lemon juice sugared and flavoured with water. 17th century French government created the Compagnie de Lemonadiers allowing these tradesmen to gain a monopoly; eventually these tradesmen set up shops and were popularly known as “Lemonadiers”. Carbonation is discovered: (1790s) Jacob Schweppe and Nicholas Paul developed the manufacture of their carbonated waters in London (1799) A.R Thwaites and Company of Dublin develop single and double strength soda water (1886) in Atlanta, Georgia Dr. John Styth Pemberton formulated syrup, which went on sale at Jacob’s Pharmacy for 5 cents a glass, originally promoted as an “Intellectual Beverage and Health Drink” known today as Coca Cola . Early carbonated beverages were sold in bottles sealed with porcelain stoppers which, when pushed in, released the carbon dioxide with a loud pop. Thus in the 1890’s era of gleaming marble soda fountains the expression “soda pop” was born.

Categories Of Soft Drinks:

1.Carbonated Soft Drinks:

Contain carbon dioxide.
e.g.: Pepsi, Coke, Fanta etc.

2.Non Carbonated Soft Drinks:

No carbon dioxide.
e.g.: Juices, Nectars, Squashes, etc.

Types of soft drinks:

1.Ready to drink(RTD): e.g., all Colas and Juices

2.Dilute-to-taste: e.g., all Syrups and Squashes

Coca Cola: 1886 John Pemberton, adopted French doctor, Angelo Mariani idea of using coca leaves, started selling Pemberton’s French wine coca in Jacob’s pharmacy as medical aid. 1888 G. Candler bought company, 4 years later Coca Cola sold in every state, memorabilia ideas begin. 1904 (caffeine added to replace the cocaine) for safety. 1982 (Coca Cola launch Diet Coke 1 st brand extension.

Pepsi 1989 first made in North Carolina by Caleb Bradham (sold it from his drug store called it Brad’s drink), marketed as a disgestive drink (contained pectin). 1901 renamed Pepsi Cola.

7-up1929 originally used as a hangover cure for hospital and home use titled ‘Bib label Lithanted Lemon Lime Soda’. 1930 7-up joined 600 lemon and lime drinks in the marketplace. 1986 taken over by Pepsi Cola Company.

Appy Fizz by Parle

Agua Blue – natural mineral water by LR Beverages Pvt Ltd

Aquavida by Secure Beverages Industries Private Limited

Banta – lemon- flavoured soft drink

Bovonto – grape soda produced by Kali Mark

Campa Cola – popular Indian soda introduced in 1977

Cloud 9 – energy drink

Code Red – energy drink

Duke’s Lemonade

Duke’s Mangola – mango drink from Dukes bought by PepsiCo

Frams – local drink from Pune foozy- sugar cane juice

Frooti – mango-flavored drink from Parle Argo

Fruit Jump – mango Drink from Om Food Products

Ganga Sagar – Local drink of Haryana

Guptas – 8 flavoured soft drinks introduced in 1947 h2o – powered carbonated soda

Juicila– powdered soft drink concentrate available in orange, mango, lemon, cola, masala, jaljira

Limca – lemon-lime soda

LMN – lemon drink produced by Parle Agro

Maaza – mango drink from Parle bought by Coca-Cola

Mahaajan Beverages – carbonated Kokum drink

Paneer Soda – lemon soda in the states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh

Thums Up – from parle argo then bought by coca cola

Tzinga – energy drink

Ingredients in traditional soft drinks

Traditional soft drinks typically contain

 water (up to 98 vol-%)

 sweeteners (8–12%, w/v),

fruit juice (usually up to 10%)

carbon dioxide (0.3–0.6% w/v),

acidulants (0.05–0.3%)

 flavourings (0.1–0.5%)

 colourings (0–70 ppm)

chemical preservatives (legal limits)

 antioxidants (< 100 ppm)

 foaming agents (e.g. saponins up to 200 mg/ml)

 stabilizers (0.1–0.2% per GMP) .

Nowadays soft drinks may also contain added vitamins, minerals, proteins, fibres and other functional compounds.

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