Olive Oil Processing
OLIVE OIL PROCESSING
Originating in Asia, the olive is one of the oldest crops known to mankind. It later spread through all the countries bordering Mediterranean Sea where 98% of the world’s olive trees are concentrated and over 90% of the world’s olives are produced.
The table below shows how the olive is distributed by country:
The composition of olive fruits depends on the stage of ripeness or maturity. In ripe fruit, the kernel makes up 2-3% of the total weight, the stone some 13-23%, the pulp (mesocarp) some 65-92% and skin 1-2%.