Genetically Modified Organisms
What are GM‟s?
Organism one that has been altered through recombinant DNA technology
Involves either the combining of DNA from different genomes or the insertion of foreign DNA into a genome
The most common genetically modified (GM) organisms are crop plants
Microbes are the first organisms to be genetically modified
Other terms that mean the same thing:
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology
What is not a GMO?
Does not include
◦ Fusion of animal cells unless the product can form an animal.
◦ Plants formed x protoplast fusion.
◦ Plants formed by embryo rescue or invitro fertilisation or zygote implantation.
◦ Organisms formed by natural DNA transfer.
How does this differ from Mendel and his peas?
GM vs. Selective breading
Modification of genes that naturally occur in the organism
Occur between plant/animal of same species(dog dog)
Can introduce genes into an organism that would not occur naturally
It can occur between different types of species (Human bacteria)