Food Poisoning


• by:

• Nurul Syazwani Aqilah Muhamad Azmi

• Madihah Mohamad

•What is food poisoning??

• any illness resulting from the consumption of food

• There are two types of food poisoning: food infection and food intoxication.

1) Food infection refers to the presence of bacteria or other microbes which infect the body after consumption.

2) Food intoxication refers to the ingestion of toxins contained within the food, including bacterially produced exotoxins, which can happen even when the microbe that produced the toxin is no longer present or able to cause infection

• In Malaysia, this phenomenon usually occur among pupils and students who eat food at the schools’ canteen

• This is due to irresponsible act of the canteen management that often neglect proper handling of food.

• In Negeri Sembilan (one of the states in Malaysia) 1024 cases has been reported from Jan. – Oct. this year.

• Causes

• improper handling, preparation, or food storage.

• large variety of toxins that affect the environment

• chemicals

• pesticides or medicines in food and naturally toxic substances like poisonous mushrooms.

• Food that has been exposed to environment with temperature 30 degree Celcius

• 1) The main Bacterium

• Campylobacter bacteria

• Found in raw chicken and meat and also in unpasteurised milk

• Vomitting, diarrhea, fever, blood in stool

• Symptoms appear after 2-5 days after consumption of the food

• 2) Other bacteria

a) Escherichia coli

b) bacillus cereus
c) vibro cholera

d) Yersinia enterocolitica

e) Listeria monocytogenes

f) Shigella sp

g) Staphylococcus aureus

h) Salmonella

• Examples of food in Malaysia that prone to food poisoning

• Milk and dairy products such as cheese

• Coconut-milk-based food like nasi lemak

• Bread and traditional Malay kuih

• Raw meat or chicken

• Symptoms

• Nausea

• Abdominal pain

• Vomiting

• Diarrhea

• Gastroenteritis

• Fever

• Headache

• Fatigue

• Treatment

• The main treatment for food poisoning is putting fluids back in the body (rehydration) through an IV and by drinking.

• Do not eat solid food while nauseous or vomiting but drink plenty of fluids.

• Anti-vomiting and diarrhea medications

• Prevention

• Proper handling, preparation and food storage

• Practice good hygiene like washing hands before eating and preparing food or properly wash the knife or cooking utensils before and after using them

• Do not expose the food-cover them properly

• Eat well-cooked food (salmonella can be killed in high temperature)

• Acknowledgement











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