Dr. Herat D. Soni Assistant professor Rural medical college Loni
Carbohydrates may be defined as polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones or compounds which produce them on hydrolysis.
Formula = (C.H2O)n
Most abundant dietary source of energy. Brain cells and RBCs are almost wholly dependent on carbohydrates as the energy source.
Also serve as storage form of energy –Glycogen.
Carbohydrates are precursors for many organic compounds (fats, amino acids).
Participate in the structure of cell membrane & cellular functions (cell growth, adhesion and fertilization).
Certain carbohydrate derivatives are used as drugs, like cardiac glycosides / antibiotics.
DM (diabetes mellitus)
CLASSIFICATION OF CARBOHYDRATE